What is Smudging?
Smudging is an ancient practice that most native peoples, regardless of continent, have been practicing. The idea is that you can use herbs to “cleanse” a space, an item or a person! There are many different herbal smudges since the herbs selected by each culture generally varied based on what was available to them locally. In today’s modern version of smudging in the US, we tend to stick with herbs used by native cultures in the America’s.
The Steps of Smudging
Smudging is generally a 2 step process. The first step to clear the area, removing low and negative energies and vibrations. The second step generally varies based on what you are trying to to. What do you wish to bring into that space, person or object, now that you have cleansed it?
Step 1 – Cleansing
For this step you can use one of the smudges listed below. If you are smudging a place you should do it the windows closed. Once the Smudging smoke has permeated the location you can then open the windows, before proceeding to step 2:
- White Sage – Salvia ApianaCalifornia White Sage is unique among all the sages in the world. Its broad leaves grow in beautiful flower-like clusters that sit atop a silvery stalk. Its scent is unmistakable with a strong, pleasant aroma that evokes the chaparral environment of the mountains of Southern California, the habitat where California White Sage is found. The Cahuilla, a Native American tribe that lived in what is now San Diego and Riverside counties, called white sage qas’ily and used its seeds to make a type of flour. They also used white sage as a cure for colds, preparing the leaves in various manners. It is also known that white sage was burned, the smoke being used to purify objects.Today, the strong scent of California White Sage is prized for use in smudging, and when burned, is believed to purify people, places, and objects. The White Sage bundles we offer is made from Sustainably harvested sage in California and bundled by native families.
- Big Sagebrush/Desert Sage – Artemisia TridentataBig Sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata) is one of the most frequently used sages by Native Americans. It is found throughout the West, Northwest, Southwest, and Plains states. It was used medicinally by the Cahuilla, Diegueño, Flathead, Havasupai, Hopi, Navajo, Paiute, Salish, Zuni and others. Treatments varied from burning the plant and inhaling the smoke to making teas, and poultices. The Cahuilla called it wikwat and made a tea from the leaves for stomach disorders. Both the Cahuilla and Paiute collected the seeds as a food source to make a type of flour. Big Sagebrush was also used by some tribes as a building material, fuel source, and a plant to make yellow dye. Ceremonially, it was used by various tribes to become spiritually clean.
- Palo Santo – Bursera graveolens
Palo Santo, literally meaning “holy wood” in Spanish, is a tree that is widely distributed throughout Central and South America. Palo Santo is used in South America in much the same way as White Ceremonial Sage is used in North America – to combat negative energy and to cleanse the space. Palo Santo is different than many of the other smudging materials as it is fragrant in its raw form and does not necessarily need to be lit, though it usually is when being used for ceremonial purposes. Palo Santo is often used by Amazonian shamans in sacred plant spirit ceremonies; the rising smoke of the lit sticks is believed to enter the energy field of ritual participants to clear misfortune, negative thoughts and to chase away evil spirits. Its use reportedly dates back to the Inca era. The Palo Santo tree belongs to the Burseraceae family which also includes Frankincense, Myrrh, and Copal.
Traditionally, only the fallen branches and twigs of the tree are harvested, and this practice is regulated by the government of Peru to ensure that the trees do not become overharvested. Unfortunately, as Palo Santo has become more popular, the illegal harvesting and cutting of trees has also greatly increased. Consequently, if you are purchasing wildharvested Palo Santo, it is important to do so from an ethical wildcrafter. The Palo Santo we offer is Sustainably harvested in Ecuador: part of the profits go toward financing the Palo Santo Reforestation Project organized by the Forestry and Environmental Corporation of Manabi (CORFAM) which is fully acknowledged and supported by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
Step 2 – Bringing energy back in
Now that your space, person or object is cleansed, it is time to decide what you want to bring back in. You can use any of the following as a step 2 in your smudging process.
- Cedar – Calocedrus sp.
Cedar has long been used by Native Americans for ceremonial and medicinal uses. It is most often burned as incense and the smoke is said to attract good spirits and eliminate negative energies. It is frequently used in the sweat lodge ceremony where a few pinches of cedar needles are thrown on the red-hot rocks, immediately sparking into a yellow glow and releasing their aroma. The Plains Apache would burn cedar to repel ghosts, believing that ghosts disliked the smell and would not come near. Among the Pawnee, it is said that cedar smoke was used as a remedy for nervousness and bad dreams. Cedar was also believed to have protective properties and it is said that cedar boughs were placed on tipi poles to ward off lightning.
Energy: Cedar is a good overall step 2 for smudging for any space or person. If you are smudging your home on a regular basis, Cedar is excellent to keep toxic energies at bay.
- Juniper – Juniperus sp.
Juniper was widely used by Native Americans as a medicinal plant. It was used to treat colds, as a cough medicine or as an aid to respiratory ailments by creating various decoctions made from the needles, twigs, or bark. Among the Cree, a poultice was made from the bark and applied to wounds for its believed antiseptic properties. Ceremonially, it is reported that the Cheyenne burned it as an incense to remove fear of thunder beings and also at childbirth to promote delivery. The Arapaho are said to have used a variety of juniper as a fragrance, grinding the needles for their scent.
Energy: Juniper is another all around good step 2. It is also excellent during cold and flu season to keep you and or your family from getting sick! It is also a good step 2 for anyone with chronic illness or recovering from illness.
- Mugwort or Black Sage – Artemisia douglasiana
Mugwort is a common name that is used to describe several species of sage. Our mugwort bundles are a variety that is native to the Western United States and is known as Douglas’s Sagewort but is also called California Mugwort, and Wormwood. Native Americans used this plant medicinally and ceremonially. The Chumash, Karok, Miwok, and Yurok are said to have used it to treat rheumatism, sometimes applying the leaves as a poultice and other times making a decoction that was taken internally. The Pomo used it to treat stomachache and cramps. The Paiute used it to treat colds and fevers, placing branches over a bed of ashes and sleeping on it.Among the Miwok, mugwort was rubbed on the body to keep ghosts away. Necklaces were made with small balls that contained mugwort and other “medicine” and when worn, were believed to prevent dreaming of the dead and would allow one to go out at night without fear of ghosts.
Energy: Mugwort has been used through the ages in many cultures as an herb to stimulate spiritual and psychic work. It works well as a step 2 for any room being prepared for ceremonial use or if you are preparing to complete some spiritual work or meditation. It is also an excellent smudge to help boost the power or connection with your divination tools.
- Yerba Santa – Eriodictyon trichocalyx
Yerba Santa was extensively used as a traditional medicine by many California Indian tribes. It is said that the leaves were smoked or chewed to relieve asthma, coughs, colds, headaches, and stomachaches. Yerba Santa has a unqiue scent and is one of the few plants that actually smells “mediciney.” Our mini bundles are made from a wildcrafted species commonly known as Hairy Yerba Santa that grows natively in the mountain regions of Southern California.
Energy: Yerba Santa is an excellent choice for preparing spaces for ritual. It can also be used in the bedroom to reduce the chance of having nightmares. This smudge is perfect for altar rooms, meditation rooms, yoga rooms or any other space that is being prepped for sacred work.
- Sweetgrass – Hierochlöe odorata
Our Beautiful Sweetgrass braids are from Canada. These are collected by First Nations families for our supplier each year (“First Nations” is the Canadian equivalent of “Native American”). Sweetgrass is considered sacred by many peoples of North America. The smoke of burning Sweetgrass is said to purify and clear objects, places, and people. Often found in medicine bundles and sometimes packed with dance clothes to keep them fresh.
Energy: Sweetgrass is an excellent smudge to use on sacred or altar items. You can use it in consecration of sacred tools, drums, and more. This is also a great option for ancestor work.
Bringing It All Together!
Now that you understand what each smudge does, below are some ideas for all types of smudging. These are just ideas to get you started – I encourage you to try all smudges and see what works best for you!
- For Home or Office – White Sage or Desert Sage followed by Cedar or Juniper
- For Altars and Meditation Rooms – White Sage followed by Yerba Santa
- For Meditation or divination work – White Sage followed by Black Sage
- For New Home Smudging or Heavy Duty Cleansing – White Sage followed by Sweetgrass
- For Clearing Family Rooms after the holidays – White Sage followed by Cedar
- For Personal Smudging – White or Desert Sage followed by Cedar or Yerba Santa
- For Bedrooms – Desert Sage followed by Yerba Santa or Palo Santo
- For On the Go Smudging – Palo Santo